work of breathing

All of this discussion hinges on understanding the origins of air FLOW. A pressure differential or gradient is the key requirement. Tachypnea is the expected response to lung inflammation that produces stimulation of irritant, stretch, and…

bicarbonate revisited

Previous post reviewed the safety of balanced crystalloids in hyper K. But what was up with serum bicarbonate decreasing with saline administration? This post introduces a new way of looking at the anion gap to possibly answer this phenomen…

January 2022
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