It’s Freezing!

You are at elmhurst in the cardiac room. It is FREEZING outside. The triage nurse tells you there is a frequent flier in triage, EMS found him sleeping on the street with +AOB. He is confused and moaning to sternal rub. They cannot get an oral temp and they cannot find the rectal probe, butRead more

Applying the Pelvic Binder: Pearls and Pitfalls

Tl;dr: (1) Never rock the pelvis. Firmly squeeze and hold. (2) Consider quickly assessing for rectal or vaginal bleeding prior to binder application as this would suggest an open fx into the vag / rectal vault. It will be difficult to complete the exam once the binder is on. (3) The binder is applied overRead more

Determining Capacity

A 74 year old female with a GI bleed is refusing treatment, stating that she just wants to go home rather than being transfused for her hemoglobin is 5. You attempt to convince her to stay but she steadfastly says that she just wants to leave. She mentions she has to feed her dog andRead more

ACEP Clinical Policy: TIA

In 2016, ACEP published “Clinical Policy: Critical Issues in the Evaluation of Adult Patients with Suspected Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) in the Emergency Department” in the Annals of EM. Here is a brief refresher. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a part of a spectrum of ischemia affecting the central nervous system. “Transient episode of neurologicRead more

Spanish Phrases Parte Dos

Must Know Spanish Phrases: We are going to discharge you – le vamos a dar de alta You can go home today – Hoy se puede ir a casa You need to be hospitalized – Necesita ser hospitalizado You have to stay in the hospital – Tiene que quedarse en el hospital You will beRead more

Ultrasound Uses that You Don’t Know About

Inspired by the mysterious and salacious Jon Mishoe. Trying to explain ultrasound via text just won’t work. Instead I will attempt to describe various ultrasound concepts and possibilities and I encourage you to grab ultrasound faculty for hands-on demonstrations if the clinical scenario is appropriate. Given the small amount of subcutaneous tissue and small surfaceRead more

Hypothermia ECG

For our clinical pearl today I thought I thought I would do some basic ECG teaching. This is a real case that I saw with Carlo at Elmhurst in the cardiac room. As always, we will start with a clinical scenario. A middle-aged male with unknown medical history was brought to the emergency department byRead more

Interscalene Nerve Block – Knockout That Upper Extremity

The Interscalene Block So, you want to provide local anesthesia to the patient with a broken clavicle or a dislocated shoulder. Maybe there’s a proximal / mid-humeral fracture or an injury over the deltoid. Whatever your needs may be, the interscalene block is an option for targeted anesthesia in the upper extremity to knock out partsRead more

Lower Extremity Nerve Block: The Posterior Tibial Nerve

Today’s lower extremity block is going to be the posterior tibial nerve. The sensory distribution should be helpful for things like foreign bodies that need to be taken out of the foot.     Anatomy – The largest of the five nerves at the level of the ankle, the posterior tibial nerve is posterior toRead more

52 in 52: Nasogastric tube in GI bleeds

Article Citation: Palamidessi N, Sinert R, Falzon L, Zehtabchi S. Nasogastric aspiration and lavage in emergency department patients with hematochezia or melena without hematemesis. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Feb;17(2):126-32. PMID: 20370741 What we already know about the topic: Nasogastric aspiration and lavage for patients with melena or hematochezia to localize GI bleed is controversial. Supporters argue thatRead more